A Search for 16TH Century Native and Spanish Settlements on the Northern Gulf Coastal Plain


Pensacola Archeology Lab (PAL) is currently active in research dealing with 16th century Spanish exploration of the southeastern United States. PAL is searching for three primary sites that will go far in solving several perplexing questions regarding Native American Chiefdoms and the expeditions of Hernando de Soto and Tristan de Luna. These sites include Nanipicana, Mabila, and Santa Maria located somewhere on the coastal plain of Alabama and Florida.

Several articles are offered in the PAL Journal of this web page in order to delineate our archeological research design. Abbreviated synopses of each expedition are included as well as descriptions of the criteria for locating the sites archeologically. Several hypotheses of expedition routes and settlement locations are also presented.

The following expedition overviews are freely adapted from a text written in 1886 by Justin Winsor, Librarian of Harvard University and Corresponding Secretary of the Massachusetts Historical Society. It is entitled Narrative and Critical History of America: Spanish Explorations and Settlements In America from the Fifteenth to the Seventeenth Century and published by Houghton, Mifflin and Company, The Riverside Press, Boston and New York. Pensacola Archeology Lab (PAL) has edited the contents selected for readability and archeological accuracy. Several inserts and illustrations have been added for clarification and extra background information. Asterisks (*) indicate archeological sites sought by PAL.

More To Come........

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